District History

Origin of the Name and Brief History:

There are several theories as to origin of the name. The most famous of them quotes that it was named after a Sikh landlord Naro Singh who was owner of this land before partition of sub-continent in 1947. Narowal city is situated approximately 50 km away from indian occupied kashmir and is famous for the production of rice and most specifically for aroma of rice produced. According to a legend, town Narowal was founded by one Baba Naro Bajwa 900 years ago. The town was, then surrounded by 22 villages inhabited by a Jat clan only, known as Bajwa.Syed Habib Shah son of Inayat Ullah Shah assisted Naro in development and establishment of the town. He brought and settled a big chunk of population of Aroud and Kamboh castes.Baba Naro occupied the northern portion of Narowal and Syed Habib Ullah Shah and his followers consisting of various Muslim clans inhabited its southern part. During the Sikh regime, Sikh Sardars took hold of major part of fertile land and annexed Narowal town to Rayya Khas Tehsil of District Amritsar. Where as Shakargarh town was headquarter of Tehsil Shakargarh and formed part of Gurdaspur District. Under the Radcliff Award, Shakargarh Tehsil was transferred to Pakistan and attached with Sialkot district. Previously Zafarwal and Rayya also used to be separate Tehsil headquarters. In 1927, some adjustments in the territorial jurisdiction of tehsils and districts were made and Narowal came into existence as the Tehsil headquarters including Zafarwal and Rayya. In 1991, District Sialkot was bifurcated and Narowal became the capital of the newly formed Narowal District.


Narowal city lies at 31° 55′ to 32° 30′ north latitudes and 74° 35′ to 75° 21′ east longitude. Summer season starts from April and continues till October. Hottest months are May, June and July. Temperature during these months varies between 24 and 40 degrees. District is surrounded from northwest by Sialkot District, and is located on the north of the working boundary of Kashmir’s Kathua district of Indian occupied Kashmir, on the southeast by the disputed Pathankot of Gurdaspur District in India, on the south by Amritsar district in India and on the northwest by Sheikhupura District.


Total area of the district is approximately 2,337 square kilometres. Narowal Tehsil stretches over 818 square kilometres where as Tehsil Shakargarh stretches over 935 square kilometres.The remaining area measuring 584 square kilometres falls in newly created Zafarwal Tehsil. According to 1998 census. Narowal District’s population is 1,256,097 and only 12.11% is urban.

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